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Your references are very important - they show the reader that your work is on a solid foundation of previous research.

Throughout, your references should be clear and consistent.  Use the Harvard format; there is a good deal of helpful information about this format on the Library Webpages. which include a downloadable PDF REFERENCE GUIDE

Writing your references will be much simpler if you take advantage of the tools available to you.  Word has a built-in reference manager; you can also use EndNote, which you can access through the university HERE.  Both of these will insert your reference in the text in the correct format (provided you have used the proper settings) and build your reference list as you go.  This doesn't mean that you don't have to check the reference list - it's always as well do to so.  But it does mean that a great deal of the work is done for you.

Please note that what is required is a REFERENCE list, not a bibliography.  It is inevitable that you have read many sources which will not be cited; your reference list should only include those works which are referenced in the text, not all the works you have consulted.


It's useful to think of the appendix (appendices) to your dissertation as a vestigial organ - it should not include any information which the reader needs to understand your dissertation.  An appendix is supporting material, not important material.  They may be useful to show raw data, for example, provided you have mentioned the analysed data in the text.  Ensure that all appendices are referenced in the main body of the dissertation, cf, "Interviews were conducted with 13 members of teaching staff, (See Appendix 1 for the Interview Schedule).

Your appendices might include:

  • A blank copy of your questionnaire
  • A copy of your interview schedule
  • A copy of your coding framework
  • A copy of your log for interviews or observations


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